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CANARY BREEDING and MANAGEMENT PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 01 March 2009

ImageDecember is probably the most important “show month”, since it is in December that the birds are in the best of song.  Towards the latter part of January some of the birds tend to get into breeding condition, and if the singer has a fault it tends to get worse at this time.  It is true that Grand Champion Shows are usually in January, which is necessary, so that preliminary shows may take place.  But for my own part, I always like to patronize the December shows as well as later ones.

Exhibiting at the earlier shows has several advantages.  It allows fanciers to get his birds scored early in the season, so that he can judge the results of his breeding by an expert’s score sheet.  Thus, early in the season, he can see where he is getting the best results.  He can price his stock more intelligently.  He can see which females produced the best offspring.  And he can decide which birds to sell and which to keep.

KEEP THE BEST:  When deciding on which birds to sell and which to keep for the coming year, I say unhesitatingly; keep the best.  Of course, fanciers with a large stud have so many birds to choose from, that they are enabled to sell birds fully as good as those they keep.  However, when it comes to a choice, always remember that you cannot progress until you breed each year from the very best that you have in your stud.  Any other system of procedure is very short sighted.

The articles appearing in the Journal on “line breeding” and "cross breeding" are very interesting.  I believe that both systems have a place in the development of the ROLLER.  By out breeding, and mating non-related birds, you are enabling occasionally to get something unusually good, produced by some happy combination of qualities which nature supplies.  However, by line breeding, you get a larger proportion of good birds (provided always, of course, that in each case you are using birds of the highest quality as to song, stamina, and general excellence).  In line breeding, it is easier to forecast results, because you know that when you get 75 percent of the breeding of a certain male, that the young will greatly resemble the father.  In crossing, it is impossible to tell just what sort of song each youngster will have.  There is, of course, a certain law of heredity.  But certain birds are able to transmit “recessive” traits, I believe.   I myself have found that sometimes the results of crossing in the first generation are very satisfactory, resulting in faulty offspring.  But in the next generation, almost perfect young have been obtained.  Also, in mating non-related birds (though always Glucke to Glucke or Water Glucke to Water Glucke) exceptional results have been obtained in a few of the young.  It must always be remembered in mating non-related birds, that only the best of each family should be used, and that the two families must sing the same tours, and have the same “tone quality”.

GLUCKE or FLUTE:  It has been said by an authority on song, that when you get a good slow Glucke in a bird, the Flute tend to degenerate, and that one of the hardest things to obtain is a combination of good, deep slow Glucke, and deep Flute.  This I believe is true.  I myself  find that the birds that produce the best Glucke, tend to be a bit high on their Flutes, or to produce them in a “thin” tone.  It seems that when a bird pauses in his song for one tour, he does not feel the need to stop on the other tour.  Sometimes in these birds you get a tour, which is combination of the two, a sort of “Glucke-Flute”. But I shall retreat, and leave the song to the others.  Mr. DeVoursney’s articles, which have been running in the Journal, have gone into the subject in fine detail.

AVOID BEING DISAPOINTED:  Let me strongly advise fanciers who must add new blood to their stud to place orders in December whenever possible.  At this season, those who have young to sell have a good selection of stock, and can reserve young for you.  Most breeders will do this on the payment of an advance deposit.  The birds can then be shipped after the show season.

By: Mrs. Junior F. Hayden

 
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